Dr. Haroro J. Ingram
- Senior Research Fellow
- [email protected]
Dr. Haroro J. Ingram is a Senior Research Fellow with The Program on Extremism at George Washington University. His research primarily focuses on the role of propaganda and charismatic leadership in the evolution and appeal of violent non-state political movements; militant Islamist propaganda targeting English-speaking audiences; and the role of strategic communications in national security operations, strategy and policy, particularly in the areas of counterterrorism and countering violent extremism. Haroro's work draws heavily on primary source materials, most of which is collected during field research in countries across the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia. He currently runs several in-country applied research projects in these regions mostly focused on enhancing civil society CVE capabilities. Haroro is a Senior Researcher on The ISIS Files Project and on PoE's core partnership with the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET), and a Senior Investigator with the National Counterterrorism Innovation, Technology, and Education Center (NCITE). He also provides support for PoE's partners in the Congressional Conter-Terrorism Caucus, the leading bipartisan voice in Congress for pragmatic approaches to tackling extremism and radicalization.
Haroro's research has been published in Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Australian Journal of Political Science, RUSI Journal, Australian Journal of International Affairs, War on the Rocks, The Atlantic, The National Interest and The Washington Post amongst others. He has been a visiting fellow with institutions such as the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (The Hague), the Naval Postgraduate School’s Defense Analysis Department (Monterey) and the Australian National University’s Department of International Relations (Canberra). A former national security practitioner, Ingram regularly consults across government, private and civil society sectors.
On the role of propaganda in violent non-state political movements
- The ISIS Reader: Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement, Hurst Publishers, February 2020.
- "Lessons from the Islamic State's 'Mileston' Texts and Speeches," CTC Sentinel 13 (1), January 2020.
- "The Strategic Logic of Islamic State's Full-Spectrum Propaganda," in ISIS Propaganda: A Full-Spectrum Extremist Message, Oxford University Press, December 2019.
- "Deciphering the siren call of militant Islamist propaganda: Meaning, credibility & behavioural change," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, September 2016.
- "A brief history of propaganda during conflict," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, June 2016.
- "The strategic logic of Islamic State information operations," Australian Journal of International Affairs 9 (6), August 2015.
- "Three traits of the Islamic State’s information warfare," RUSI Journal 159 (6), December 2014.
On militant Islamist propaganda targeting English-speaking audiences
- "An analysis of Inspire and Dabiq: Lessons from AQAP and Islamic State’s propaganda war," Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 40 (5), August 2016.
- “An analysis of Islamic State’s Dabiq magazine," Australian Journal of Political Science 51 (3), June 2016.
- "An analysis of the Taliban in Khurasan’s Azan," Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 38 (7), March 2015.
On CT-CVE strategic communications
- "Revamping American "Soft Power": The Case for Centralizing America's Messages to the World," Foreign Policy Research Institute, July 20, 2020.
- "Persuade or Perish: Addressing Gaps in the U.S. Posture to Confront Propaganda and Disinformation Threats," Program on Extremism, February 2020.
- "The challenge of outcommunicating the Islamic State," in From Quills to Tweets: How America Communicates about War and Revolution, Georgetown University Press, October 2019.
- "Towards a Framework for Post-Terrorist Incident Communications Strategies," Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, August 2019.
- "Defeating the ISIS Nostalgia Narrative," Foreign Policy Research Institute, April 18, 2018.
- "The strategic logic of the ‘linkage-based’ approach to combating militant Islamist propaganda," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, April 2017.
- "A ‘linkage-based’ approach to combating militant Islamist propaganda: A two-tiered framework for practitioners," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, November 2016.
On leadership in violent Islamist groups
- "Caliph Abu Unknown: Succession and Legitimacy in the Islamic State," War on the Rocks, November 25, 2019.
- "The Caliph's Role in the (un)Surprising Resilience of the Islamic State," Foreign Policy Research Institute, October 25, 2018.
- The Charismatic Leadership Phenomenon in Radical and Militant Islamism, Routledge, December 2013.
On terrorism prevention policy
- "How to act against domestic terrorists — and their foreign supporters," The Hill, September 15, 2019.
- "Confronting America's Violent Extremists: A Terrorism Prevention Strategy for the Homeland," Foreign Policy Research Institute, November 26, 2018.
On state and non-state anti-democratic malign influence threats
- The strategic logic of state and non-state malign 'influence activities, The RUSI Journal, volume 165, February 20, 2020.
- Persuade or Perish: Addressing gaps in the U.S. posture to confront propaganda and disinformation threats, Program on Extremism, February 2020.
- Pandemic propaganda & the global democracy crisis, War on the Rocks, May 18, 2020.
Other related publications
- "Inside the Islamic State in Mosul: A Snapshot of the Logic & Banality of Evil," The ISIS Files, June 2020.