Haroro J. Ingram

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Haroro J. Ingram

Senior Research Fellow


Dr. Haroro J. Ingram is a Senior Research Fellow with The Program on Extremism at The George Washington University.  His research primarily focuses on the role of propaganda and charismatic leadership in the evolution and appeal of violent non-state political movements; militant Islamist propaganda targeting English-speaking audiences; and the role of strategic communications in national security operations, strategy and policy, particularly in the areas of counterterrorism and countering violent extremism. Haroro's work draws heavily on primary source materials, most of which is collected during field research in countries across the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia. He currently runs several in-country applied research projects in these regions mostly focused on enhancing civil society CVE capabilities. Haroro is a Senior Researcher on The ISIS Files Project and on PoE's core partnership with the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET), and a Senior Investigator with the National Counterterrorism Innovation, Technology, and Education Center (NCITE). He also provides support for PoE's partners in the Congressional Counter-Terrorism Caucus, the leading bipartisan voice in Congress for pragmatic approaches to tackling extremism and radicalization. He is the writer and co-host of the podcast series Mosul and the Islamic State.

Haroro's research has been published in Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Australian Journal of Political Science, RUSI Journal, Australian Journal of International Affairs, War on the Rocks, The Atlantic, The National Interest and The Washington Post amongst others. He has been a visiting fellow with institutions such as the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (The Hague), the Naval Postgraduate School’s Defense Analysis Department (Monterey) and the Australian National University’s Department of International Relations (Canberra). A former national security practitioner, Ingram regularly consults across government, private and civil society sectors.

"From Expeditionary to Inspired: Situating External Operations within the Islamic State’s Insurgency Method," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, November 23, 2023

"The Taliban Haven’t Changed, But U.S. Policy Must," Lawfare, October 31, 2022

"Bangsamoro Peace and the U.S.-Philippines Alliance," Lawfare, September 11, 2022

"Generation Killed: The Challenges of Routinizing Global Jihad," War on the Rocks, August 18, 2022

"Who was Ayman al-Zawahri? Where does his death leave al-Qaida and what does it say about US counterterrorism?," The Conversation, August 2, 2022

"Inside the defector programmes battling to keep peace in the Philippines," New Humanitarian, June 28, 2022

"ISIS's Leadership Crisis: A Vacancy at the Top Threatens the Group's Global Operations," Foreign Affairs, February 3, 2022

"Islamic State leader killed in US raid – where does this leave the terrorist group?," The Conversation, February 2, 2022

"The Islamic State is in Congo. What Now?," Lawfare, May 16, 2021

"History’s rhymes in the fall of Kabul and Mosul: Flawed ideas, broken promises, and poisonous spin," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, September 2, 2021

"The Head of ISIS is a Hypocrite and a Traitor," Foreign Policy, November 19, 2020

"Revamping American "Soft Power": The Case for Centralizing America's Messages to the World," Foreign Policy Research Institute, July 20, 2020

"Pandemic propaganda & the global democracy crisis," War on the Rocks, May 18, 2020

"Caliph Abu Unknown: Succession and Legitimacy in the Islamic State," War on the Rocks, November 25, 2019

"How to act against domestic terrorists — and their foreign supporters," The Hill, September 15, 2019

"Trump’s Domestic Countering Violent Extremism Policies Look a Lot Like Obama’s," Lawfare, March 10, 2019

"Do Great Nations Fight Endless Wars? Against the Islamic State, They Might," War on the Rocks, February 25, 2019

"Confronting America's Violent Extremists: A Terrorism Prevention Strategy for the Homeland," Foreign Policy Research Institute, November 26, 2018

"The Caliph's Role in the (un)Surprising Resilience of the Islamic State," Foreign Policy Research Institute, October 25, 2018

"Reverse-Engineering The ISIS Playbook, Part II: CT-CVE Messaging Lessons From ISIS's English-Language Magazines," Vox Pol, April 18, 2018

"Defeating the ISIS Nostalgia Narrative," Foreign Policy Research Institute, April 18, 2018

"Reverse-Engineering The ISIS Playbook, Part I: CT-CVE Messaging Lessons From ISIS's English-Language Magazines," Vox Pol, April 13, 2018

"Terror Online And Off: Recent Trends in Islamic State Propaganda Operations," War on the Rocks, March 2, 2018

" The Logic of Insanity: Why Groups Like ISIS & Hamas Strategically Court with Self-Destruction," Program on Extremism, November 1, 2023

"History Wars: How Daesh’s Propaganda Manipulates History & Memory," Program on Extremism, June 15, 2023

The Founding Fathers of the Modern American Neo-Nazi Movement, Program on Extremism, June 1, 2023

" The Long Jihad: How Islamic State Wages Forever Wars," Program on Extremism, April 17, 2023

A Framework of Best Practices for the Reintegration of Foreign Terrorist Fighter Families to the United States, Program on Extremism/NCITE, March 27, 2023

"Unfinished Business: Steps to Renew the Playbook to Counter Daesh's Brand," Program on Extremism, March 24, 2023

" The Islamic State’s Defection & Reintegration Strategies: Transforming Enemies into Supporters to Sustain Its Forever Wars," Program on Extremism, August 25, 2022

"Fear & Loathing in the Bangsamoro: Defection and Reintegration Lessons from the Southern Philippines," Program on Extremism, July 13, 2022

The Repatriation & Reintegration Dilemma: How States Manage the Return of Foreign Terrorist Fighters & Their Families, Journal for Deradicalization, June 24, 2022

"The Islamic State’s Second Global Pledge Campaign: New Challenges in an Era of Great Power Competition," Program on Extremism, April 28, 2022

The Long Jihad: The Islamic State's Method of Insurgency: Control, Meaning, & the Occupation of Mosul in Context, Program on Extremism, September 21, 2021

The Founding Fathers of American Jihad: The Impacts and Legacies of Anwar al-Awlaki, Samir Khan, and Ahmad Abousamra, Program on Extremism, June 30, 2021

"The Routinization of the Islamic State’s Global Enterprise," Hudson Institute, April 1, 2021

The Islamic State in Congo, Program on Extremism, March 17, 2021

"Stigma, Shame, and Fear: Navigating Obstacles to Peace in Mindanao," RESOLVE Network, March 4, 2021

"Mitigating the impact of media reporting of terrorism: Syrian and Iraqi citizen journalists versus the Islamic State," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, February 11, 2021

"The Islamic State's Global Insurgency and its Counterstrategy Implications," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, November 19, 2020

Inside the Islamic State in Mosul: A Snapshot of the Logic & Banality of Evil, Program on Extremism, June 2020

Persuade or Perish: Addressing Gaps in the U.S. Posture to Confront Propaganda and Disinformation Threats, Program on Extremism, February 2020

"The strategic logic of state and non-state malign 'influence activities," The RUSI Journal, volume 165, February 20, 2020

"Lessons from the Islamic State's 'Milestone' Texts and Speeches," CTC Sentinel 13 (1), January 2020

"Towards a Framework for Post-Terrorist Incident Communications Strategies," Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, August 2019

" The Guerrilla ‘Caliph’: Speeches that Bookend the Islamic State’s ‘Caliphate’ Era," CTC Sentinel 12 (5), June 2019

A Practical Guide to the First Rule of CTCVE, Europol, March 2019

"Jihadist ‘Responsibility to Protect’ Appeals: Propaganda Wars for the Moral High Ground," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, March 2019

Terrorism Prevention in the United States: A Policy Framework for Filling the CVE Void, Program on Extremism, November 2018

"'That is what the terrorists want': Media as amplifier or disrupter of violent extremist propaganda," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, May 2018

"The strategic logic of the ‘linkage-based’ approach to combating militant Islamist propaganda," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, April 2017

"Deciphering the siren call of militant Islamist propaganda: Meaning, credibility & behavioural change," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, September 2016

"An analysis of Inspire and Dabiq: Lessons from AQAP and Islamic State’s propaganda war," Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 40 (5), August 2016

An analysis of Islamic State’s Dabiq magazine," Australian Journal of Political Science 51 (3), June 2016

"A brief history of propaganda during conflict," International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT)- The Hague, June 2016

"The strategic logic of Islamic State information operations," Australian Journal of International Affairs 9 (6), August 2015

"An analysis of the Taliban in Khurasan’s Azan," Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 38 (7), March 2015

"Three traits of the Islamic State’s information warfare," RUSI Journal 159 (6), December 2014

"The Islamic State and the Management of Secrecy," in The Routledge Handbook of Religion and Secrecy, Routledge, February 2022

The ISIS Reader: Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement, Hurst Publishers, February 2020

"The Strategic Logic of Islamic State's Full-Spectrum Propaganda," in ISIS Propaganda: A Full-Spectrum Extremist Message, Oxford University Press, December 2019

"The challenge of outcommunicating the Islamic State," in From Quills to Tweets: How America Communicates about War and Revolution, Georgetown University Press, October 2019

The Charismatic Leadership Phenomenon in Radical and Militant Islamism, Routledge, December 2013

Mosul and the Islamic State (Write and Co-Host)

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